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Feet Appreciation Post

We normally post articles about specific pathologies or cases of biomechanical abnormalities. This time, we wanted to take a step back and remind ourselves, and our readers, of just how amazing and wondrous our feet really are.   In our lifetime, our feet cover a distance of roughly four times around the world- that’s about… Continue reading Feet Appreciation Post

Your “custom orthotics”… Are they really?

When you prescribe custom foot orthotics, do you always know what you are getting from your lab?   Not long ago it was clear that if you ordered custom orthotics, you were truly getting custom orthotics. You sent in a plaster cast and the lab made a plaster positive cast, modified it as prescribed, then… Continue reading Your “custom orthotics”… Are they really?

Case of the Season

Patient Female, age 34, 126 lbs. History and Chief Complaint For the past seven years, the patient’s feet have become progressively more uncomfortable. At first she developed calluses under her 2nd and 5th metatarsal heads, and she experienced generalized fatigue in her feet and legs after ordinary activity and work. Recently, rather large bumps have… Continue reading Case of the Season

Subtalar Neutral Position

When the rearfoot is neither pronated nor supinated, and the forefoot has been locked against it, this relationship creates a neutrally positioned foot. Ideally in this position, a line bisecting the posterior aspect of the calcaneus will be vertical, and parallel to a line bisecting the lower third of the leg.   Neutral position is… Continue reading Subtalar Neutral Position

Clinical Biomechanics Quiz

1. A patient returns two weeks after having orthotics dispensed and complains of orthotics slipping from side to side. Examination reveals orthotic 1/2″ proximal to the metatarsal heads. What adjustment is most likely needed? a. Decrease rearfoot varus post b. Increase rearfoot varus post c. Decrease length of orthotic d. Decrease calcaneal inclination angle e.… Continue reading Clinical Biomechanics Quiz

Popliteal Tendonitis

It is not uncommon for some runners to develop lateral knee pain. This symptom is often associated with a significant reduction in subtalar joint motion, rigid forefoot valgus deformities and other conditions which would tend to make a foot a poor pronator and this a poor shock absorber. Many lateral knee pain complaints are diagnosed… Continue reading Popliteal Tendonitis

Sports Medicine and the Cavus Foot

The cavus foot has limited motion and absorbs shock poorly. Although it is often only a minor problem in multidirectional sports or sprinting, it can be a severe problem for long distance runners, especially on unyielding surfaces. Treatment Stretching Exercises With all types of cavus feet, stretching exercises are indicated. A good one has the… Continue reading Sports Medicine and the Cavus Foot

Being All That You Can Be For Your Patients

This concept may sound pretty basic, but there is a lot behind it. With this philosophy, you will generate tons of referrals and patients will walk out of your office feeling that they made the right choice in seeing you.   Let’s face it; in any medical school classroom, podiatry or chiropody class, or any… Continue reading Being All That You Can Be For Your Patients

Variations in Forefoot Valgus and Plantarflexed First Ray Deformities

Forefoot Valgus- The Plantarflexed First Ray The following chart is designed to clarify the various differences in forefoot valgus and plantarflexed first ray deformities. This illustrates the need for detailed information to properly evaluate and post these deformities. * Note 1: A relationship which is not totally rigid or flexible may be termed semi-rigid or… Continue reading Variations in Forefoot Valgus and Plantarflexed First Ray Deformities

Case of the Season #3

Patient: Female, 14 years, 105 lbs Complaints Redness, pain and swelling on the back of both feels, several months duration. History Negative- no specific history of injury. Pain is present especially in closed back shoes (slip on and pump styles). Clinical observations Soft tissue swelling and inflammation is apparent. Pain is elicited on palpation of… Continue reading Case of the Season #3

Cuboid Syndrome

In Brief: About 4% if the athletes with foot problems seen by the authors had cuboid syndrome. The authors say that the syndrome is common but many cases are not recognized or are misdiagnosed. It occurs most often in pronated feet. Pain results from a partial displacement of the cuboid, which prevents its normal range… Continue reading Cuboid Syndrome

When Heel Pain is Not Plantar Fasciitis

The plantar fascia is a band of connective tissue running from the heel to the ball of the foot. Inflammation of the plantar fascia occurs when this tissue is overstretched. This causes tiny tears to develop, particularly near the insertion site at the heel (at the medial calcaneal tuberosity). When at rest, our body works… Continue reading When Heel Pain is Not Plantar Fasciitis

Orthotic Adjustments

Accuracy and precision are our priority

The ideal situation is one where a patient is experiencing pain, the practitioner prescribes an orthotic, this orthotic relieves their pain and everyone lives happily ever after. However, tweaks and adjustments need to be made quite often. This is the nature of creating a custom- made, handcrafted device that needs to be comfortable and biomechanically… Continue reading Orthotic Adjustments

Equinus Deformity

What is it?   Talipes equinus deformity is a condition in which the foot is held in a plantarflexed position. The patient will lack the ability to dorsiflex their foot up toward the leg. Commonly, this is due to tightness in the Achilles tendon, the soleus muscles, or gastrocnemium muscle. Other causes can be a… Continue reading Equinus Deformity

Case of the Season #2

Patient: Female, 55 years old, 140 lbs   Chief complaint   In our second case of the season, our patient complains of pain in the third and fourth metatarsal heads. She experiences pain in her right foot only.   Examination Findings   Moderate hallux abducto valgus deformity Diffuse hyperkeratosis sub second metatarsal B/L Deviated and… Continue reading Case of the Season #2

Increasing Your Orthotic Productivity

If you are interested in prescribing more orthotics, this article will help you achieve your goal.     The Right Mindset   A good mindset to have is the idea of acquired deformity. If it is present, then to stop its progression the patient will need prescription orthotics. In other words, if a biomechanical imbalance… Continue reading Increasing Your Orthotic Productivity

Treatment for Hallux Abducto Valgus

Biomechanical Treatment for Moderate-to-Severe Hallux Abducto Valgus   Recently we posted an article about various forefoot deformities. Here we focus on moderate to severe hallux abducto valgus, and look at treatment options. As stated in the previous blog, once the deformity has progressed to the stage where bowstringing of the flexor hallucis longus and extensor… Continue reading Treatment for Hallux Abducto Valgus

Laser Scanners and Insurance Coverage

Plaster casting vs. 3D non-weight bearing laser scanning   For those that have studied lower limb biomechanics, there is agreement of the superiority of a non-weight bearing subtalar neutral plaster cast.  In terms of having prescription orthotic devices fabricated, this technique has been the gold standard for many years.   Computerized pressure pads capture the… Continue reading Laser Scanners and Insurance Coverage

Biomechanical Management of Forefoot Deformities

The purpose of this article is to present a practical, biomechanical approach to managing various common forefoot deformities.   Hammertoe Deformities     When a patient’s chronic heloma dura becomes markedly symptomatic, periodic palliation may become less appealing to them and another solution may be more appropriate. When the lesion is associated with a contracted… Continue reading Biomechanical Management of Forefoot Deformities

Experience is the Difference

“Experience is the one thing you can’t get for nothing.” Oscar Wilde   Paragon has been a leader in orthotic manufacturing for over 45 years. A vital component of our success has been the experience and know-how of our technicians.   Without the skill and expertise of our employees, regardless of how superior our materials… Continue reading Experience is the Difference

Hallux Limitus

Help for the Hallux

  Hallux Limitus is a condition causing inflammation and soreness of the big toe, accompanied by restriction of movement. If untreated, it can lead to a more severe position of complete rigidity. Fortunately, treatment options are simple and straightforward once we understand the underlying biomechanical processes taking place.   Biomechanical Principles   In this condition,… Continue reading Hallux Limitus

Case of the Season #1

Patient: Male, 35 years old, 5’9″, 190 lbs   History and chief complaint   Patient’s feet have always bothered him, and he has “flat feet”. He has been treated by various practitioners and has been prescribed orthotics, but none of them were tolerable. Over the past 10 years he has developed persistent pain behind his… Continue reading Case of the Season #1

Patient Centered Care

The concept of patient centered care may sound pretty basic, but there is a lot behind it. With this philosophy, you will generate more referrals and patients will leave the office with confidence in their choice.   Let’s face it; in any medical school classroom, podiatry or chiropody class, or any academic venue, some students… Continue reading Patient Centered Care

Biomechanics and the Geriatric Patient

Happy feet at any age

When considering older patients in any context it’s best to not fall into the trap of chronological age. There are many 70 year old individuals who are in better condition than their 40 year old counterparts. Physiological age should be the prime consideration. This is equally true for the geriatric biomechanical patient as for the… Continue reading Biomechanics and the Geriatric Patient

Assessing Orthotic Quality

Ensure your orthotics are 5 star worthy

  So often we are asked to evaluate patients who have failed orthotics from another provider. This article is designed to assist you in evaluating the quality of orthotics and what you can do to facilitate better treatment results. The field can be confusing for the patient, as it is unregulated and anybody can claim… Continue reading Assessing Orthotic Quality

Shin Splints

Muscle overuse can cause painful shin splints

  Shin splints are a painful injury, common among athletes, soldiers and dancers. They are one of a number of injuries caused by repetitive overuse of leg muscles. Many of those who have sustained injury are unaware of the causes and proper treatment. There are two ways to look at shin splints: clinically and practically.… Continue reading Shin Splints

Pediatric Biomechanics

Going for gold!

Pediatric Biomechanics   Kids are not simply little adults, especially when it comes to their physiology. To understand pediatric biomechanics as it relates to lower limb pain, there are specialized and unique principles at play. In this article we’ll explore a few common pathologies, and get those kids playing pain free!       A… Continue reading Pediatric Biomechanics